Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Migration theories and the languages


First, we have to admit that the material culture of the human beings walks hand in hand with the language of the people. There are various views about the origin of the languages and their spread. There are almost 445 languages in Indo-European language category. Out of these 313 languages are sub-grouped under the Indo-Iranian head. The spread of these languages is vast that covers regions from North-West China to Europe. We are aware that the origin of the Aryan Race Theory finds its origins in some similarities in Vedic Sanskrit and European languages. Aryan Race Theory, after its disastrous outcome, was later named as Indo-European Language Theory. Without going into the racial aspects of the theory and its fatal impact on the global civilization, let us agree that there is an IE language group theory which consists of all the characteristics of the Aryan Race theory. IE language theory ultimately mean and is aimed to prove the same thing and that is the Aryan invasion, expansion or migration and their superiority.

The theory assumes that there were the people, settled at some hypothetical place, among whom a proto-Indo-European language originated. PIE speakers later dispersed in waves to spread IE languages and their superior culture wherever they went. It also is assumed that the IE people were inventors of the chariots and were first to domesticate the horses. They could invade and conquer the lands because of their superiority, coupled with their innovative invention. Michael Witzel calls them the “Vedic Tanks”!  However, in absence of the proofs to support the invasion theory, the linguists devised migration theory to replace earlier while keeping the notion of superiority of the IE ancestors intact.

In this regard, Kazanas states, "But invasion is the substratum of all such theories even if words like ‘migration’ are used. There could not have been an Aryan immigration because (apart from the fact that there is no archaeological evidence for this) the results would have been quite different. Immigrants do not impose their own demands or desires on the natives of the new country: they are grateful for being accepted, for having the use of lands and rivers for farming or pasturing and for any help they receive from the natives; in time it is they who adopt the language (and perhaps the religion) of the natives. You cannot have a migration with the results of an invasion.
In this matter Kazanas’ remarks need to be taken seriously, though, all scholars at the least unanimously agree that there was no invasion; however, they assert there was the migration in the waves in India and elsewhere to explain the similarities in the languages spoken across the IE world. They didn’t think for a moment that the movement of the people is not required to form the group or net of the language if at all it is to be called a group!

The linguistic groups are made out of the comparative study of the grammatical texture, sound-sequences, similarities in the words etc. It is thought that the group languages are developed from the common ancestry. Comparative methods are applied to decide whether certain language belongs to some group or other and also the attempts have been made to restructure the proto-language using modern devices. In a way, the group languages can be described as a tree with many branches. However, the linguists have proved that the German languages spoken in the eastern and western Germany do not belong to the same tree. Linguists hence have sub-grouped the European languages like Italo-Celtic, Greco-Armenian, and Greco-Aryan to solve the complicated issue of the languages.  The linguists admit that there are not enough proofs available to show the direct mother-daughter relationship between PIE and present IE languages.  

The oldest proofs those are considered to be the foundation for the PIE theory are the language of Avesta, Rig Veda, Hittite treaty and horse training manual of Kikkuli. Also, there is brief Greek epigraph called Diplon script which belongs to 800 BC.  

Here, we must not forget that the time of the Rig Veda is uncertain and so of the Avesta because both were committed to the writing in late era. Also, both has undergone significant linguistic changes through the passage of the time. There are no proofs to pin the exact time of both the scriptures except hypothetical conjectures. The oral tradition through which Rig Veda is said to be preserved unaltered has proven to be a myth. The only Hittite treaty is attested to 1380 BC, but the irony is the treaty itself is not at all in so-called IE language.  Among others, the treaty invokes some Iranian deities as well as demons those with efforts can be linked with the IE languages. Except for numerics and some technical terms the KIkkuli horse training manual too is in Semitic, language.  The appearance of some similar personal names, numerics, deities and demons in some distinct culture cannot become a solid foundation to prove the presence of the people speaking some hypothetical proto-language.

Another group classified is the Semitic group of the languages, spoken in north Africa, Western Asia and surrounding regions. This is the only language group that has written evidence beginning from 2800 BC. The first written (and hence unaltered) religious text is available in form of the Pyramid Text. Though the hype is all about PIE language and superiority of its authors, there is no conclusive evidence to support the existence of such certain group of the people those together located at some hypothetical place and their subsequent dispersions and conquests. Even the Rig Veda and Avesta does not support this claim. What they have at hand to make out a big claim that is some similarities in the IE languages, nothing else.

It is a fact that if thought linguistically, there exists group languages those again branch out in the sub-groups. Even if we consider ‘Out of Africa model’ to be true as claimed, it does not satisfactorily answer why there would be different language groups if the human being belongs to the same ancestry? Also, though a language belongs to the certain group, why it should be unintelligible to the people speaking other language belonging to the same group?

It will be insane to think that the human being invented the words scientifically devising the roots first. The words have been developed further, attained new or opposite meaning or lost in the course of the time. The science of the words or language follows later. There are many languages those do not have any grammar, still, they have some certain harmonic order that can deliver the intended meaning, no matter how limited it may be.

It is considered that the every word has root and it can be the basis for restructuring the proto-language. The root in language is either a base word or a part of a word to which affixes are added. Or, it is the part left after affixes have been taken away. Technically, it is the smallest unit which carries meaning: it cannot be reduced to smaller units. With reverse efforts, the root can be traced out but then the question is are they of any help?’. The Nairuktas (Indian etymological treaties) command that if a word fails to derive meaningful root then abandon the grammatical rules and go by the meaning suggested by the word itself! Obeying the command the etymologists like Yaska and others have found etymologies of the many words whose roots do not support them. For example, the word “Vadhu” (Bride) has the root “Vadh” (murder) so the root is useless to determine the etymology of the word Vadhu. What to be done then? Find nearest root “vah” (To move) which suggests the nearest meaning of the word “Vahu”, the girl is moved to the husband's home hence called Vadhu, bride. Of course, this is forceful etymology! There are many words like “Agni” those doesn’t have any certain etymology. The fact to be understood is the words did not emerge scientifically using the roots. Meanings attached to the word keep on changing and there hardly is any way to know what meaning the certain word delivered when it was invented. So, though on a base sound a group of words can be made, the root in itself will remain ambiguous and may not match the meaning of the word. This is why many scholars do not believe in the reconstruction of the proto-language on the mere hypothetical ground when the roots and the words do not agree with the meanings they want to extract, just to prove their migration theories.

The horse and the chariot in itself is a very flimsy foundation to make out a big theory. David Anthony states that it is impossible to know who invented the chariot and domesticated the horse first! As Edward Pegler states that few words in IE languages are attempted to connect with the chariot by reconstructing the root, the etymologies have proved to be the futile exercise as none of it gives the exact meaning what is expected from the word chariot. Even if it is considered that the PIE etymologies for chariot are true, it does not prove that they were the inventors of the chariot. In fact, Nicholas Kazanas, to take Indus time significantly back, tries to prove that the Vedic “Ratha” meant just wagon or cart and not chariot.

Some linguists have tried to connect spread of the IE languages with the invention of the agriculture.  If this is the case then we will have to agree that the agriculture was first invented in Anatolia and it was spread with the expansion of the PIE people! This will be the funny hypothesis because PIE people were not alone inventors of the agriculture! IE languages mostly lack in the agriculture related vocabulary. Vedic people were pastoralists. Sanskrit didn’t have a word for Plough hence they borrowed “Langal” from Dravidian or some other language. The fact is the cart, wagon, chariot, fire, agriculture and many other inventions cannot be related to some hypothetical super-intelligent human group. The spread of the languages too cannot be solely attributed to the migrations of the people.

Most importantly, as yet the PIE homeland issue remains hotly debated and controversial issue as there simply is no agreement on it. They also are not sure exactly when the PIE language arose. The estimates range from 2000 BC to 8000 BC. The Recent study published in “Science” (Feb. 15) implies that the Steppes of Russia and Ukrain could be the homeland of the PIE speakers and that the migration started about 4500 years ago.

What genetics say?

The genetics also have been used to explain the spread of the languages. In fact, genetics is to know the human ancestry and not the languages they spoke. 'Out of Africa' theory is the product of the modern genetics, which has been objected too, however, we will not entangle ourselves in that endless debate. But the fact remains that the genetics, too, have been used to explain migrations of the PIE speakers. 

Spencer Wells states that these are tenuous efforts to link migrations and languages. Genetic patterns do not provide clear support for their proposed model.

There have been several genetic research papers those deal with genetics and PIE languages. The report appearing in “Science” (Feb. 15) is based on the research of a large team of geneticists led by David Reich and Iosif Lazaridis of Harward Medical School. The DNA samples suggest that the Yamnaya people (DNA obtained from 4 skeletons) could have moved from Steppes 4500 years ago. This paper claims to have connected two far-flunged material cultures to specific genetic signatures. The report states that the team says they spoke a form of Indo-European language. Earlier it was considered that the origins of PIE were 6000 years ago. To meet this gap, hypothetically, it is being proposed that this may be secondary migration!

Another report published in ‘Nature’ too deals with the genomics and spread of the languages. A large team led by Morten E Alentoft examined about 101 sampled ancient individuals from Europe and Central Asia. They also used the archeological evidence of chariot burials (2000-1800 BC) to find the migration pattern. The report relies on the hypothesis of the linguists that ‘the spread of Indo-European languages must have required migration combined with social or demographic dominance and this expansion has been supported by archweologists pointing to striking similarities in the archeological record across western Eurasia during the third millennium BC. The genomic evidence for the spread of the Yamnaya people from the Pontic-caspian Steppe to both northern Europe and Central Asia during the early Bronze Age corresponds well with the hypothesized expansion of the IE languages.'

However, report agrees that the genomics cannot find which language those people spoke. Also, we must note here that the cultures do not expand only with the migrations of the people. The practice of the Horse/chariot burials across the civilizations cannot be attributed solely to the movement of the particular set of the people.

The major objection to the above report is that it is heavily dependent on sequencing of very few samples.  The Yamna culture was nomadic and was found in Russia in the Ural region, the Pontic Steppe dating back to 3600-2300 BC.   It is also known as the Pit Grave Culture, the Ochre Grave Culture and feeds into the Corded Ware Culture. This was not the independent culture but was an admixture of East European or Caucasus hunter-gatherers and near eastern people. So, genetically too, Yamna people were blending of three distinct ancestries. It has not been suggested exactly when and how this blend occurred. If PIE has to be linked with the genetics it will mean that the PIE too was blending of three different languages!

We have seen in the last chapter that the invention of the agriculture dates back to 12000 BC, which could have earlier beginning. Yamna people till Bronze age (2000BC)were pastoralists. Exactly when they moved to spread elsewhere is not known. Europe was already populated by 7000  BC by the hunter-gatherers and food gatherers people. There is no evidence that these people were wiped out by any migrating community. There is no evidence to prove that Yamna people had overwhelming population to effect demographic dominance. By the time Yamna culture came into the existence, Egyptian, Sumerian and Indus culture had reached its pinnacle. They had sophisticated languages and writing system. They had built massive cities and monuments. They had an irrigation system and advanced farming practices in place long before Yamna people (or any hypothetical PIE group) might, though a rare probability, have migrated. 

Agriculture effected in the cultural and linguistic explosion. New vocabulary, well-structured grammar and essential mathematics were the natural outcomes of meeting the urgent demands of the new lifestyle. It changed religious ideas too. The emergence of the fertility cult can be attributed to the invention and practice of the farming for the livelihood.  It can be easily shown that the languages of the settled agriculturist societies are always advanced over the languages of the pastoralists. The linguistic developments are always related to the growing complexities of the societies.

Genetics does not help us to understand the origin of the languages and its spread. The history of the languages is far older than the so-called migration era of the PIE speakers. Genetic mixtures too have a long history than it is assumed. The nomadic era of hunter-food gatherer man begins from at the least 60000 years ago. During this vast span of time, interbreeding between numerous tribes can result in admixture of various genetic pools.

Ability to speak has been developed in human species has an ancient origin. Though it is difficult to determine exactly when human started giving meaning to the certain seris of the sounds and structured them grammatically, it is certain that the rudimentary languages had developed in every tribe or culture long before the so-called Yamna people set out on a assumed mission to subjugate other cultures to impose their language! Even in the known history we hardly find any example where mighty rulers could impose their languages on the subjugated people, unless they outnumbered them.

The cultural and technological exchanges too have an ancient history. Hence the migration theory to prove spread of the IE languages is too weak and unreliable.
Most importantly, migration theories does not help us in solving the very problem of its origin. We have to go into the root to find why languages differ from region to region. We have to see how the distinct languages forms exhibiting distinct charachteristics to which we call different language group.


However, we must note from the genomics reports that the genes carry the regional markers without which it would be impossible to determine the source ancestral genes. The genomics report concludes that the yamna people were admixture of East European or Caucasus hunter-gatherers and near eastern people. So, genetically too, Yamna people were blend of three distinct ancestries. Without regional markers it would be impossible to determine location of the source genes. 

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Vedicist Kalyanraman and the Sarasvati!




Kalyanraman is the dumbest writer I ever came across. He believes that the Sarasvati River was one among Sapta Sindhu, i.e. seven rivers those flowed through northwestern India. He states that this region belonged to the Panchajana, five people, and that about 80% of the Indus civilization are located on the banks of the Sarasvati river (which has be known to the Indians as Ghaggar since time unknown.) He has shifted complete geography of the River Sarasvati, highly revered by the Vedic Aryans, to stake a huge claim on the authorship of the Indus-Ghaggar civilization. To do this he recklessly neglects geological proofs, geography appearing in the Rig Veda and makes out a theory that is flimsy and misguiding.

Geologically it has been proven beyond doubt that the Ghaggar River never ever had the glacial source. It also has been proven with new geochemical and geomorphological studies that Yamuna and Sutlej stopped flowing into the Ghaggar /Saraswati thousands of years before the Harappan civilization. Ghaggar is fed from Shivaliks and not Himalayan glaciers. No Drushadvati river belongs to the Indian soil that is said to be a tributary to Vedic Sarasvati.

It is a fact that the River Ghaggar was a perennial river before 1800 BC because of the wetter monsoon. It also is a fact that there are over a thousand Indus-Ghaggar sites along the channel of old Ghaggar. But as the climate changed, gradually the Ghaggar shrunk and just became a seasonal river. Not only India, but from Mesopotamia to China, a vast track suffered from this climatic change. However, though seasonal, Ghaggar was never a lost river. How come that the most revered river of the Vedics changed name from Sarasvati to Ghaggar? Vedic has no answer to this vital question.

“Since this work, no new data challenging these results has appeared. Scientists, as evidenced by this paper, appear to now accept that the Ghaggar was a monsoonal river right through the Holocene. This result has annoyed not only geologists who had proposed the glacial river theory but also supporters of the indigenous Aryan theory. They had used the glacial river theory to time the presence of the Vedic people in the plains of Haryana and Punjab before 2000 B.C.” States Sedimentary Geologist Suvrat Kher.

Linking the Ghaggar with the Rig Vedic Sarasvati is an insanity because the geography and the people they inhabited with does not match at all with the indigenous Aryan theory. There has surfaced no evidence that can link Ghaggar civilization with the Vedic. There is no semblance in the residential patterns of the Vedics and Indus people. They didn’t know even the bricks and granaries. They didn’t know the great baths and brick-paved streets.

The Rig Veda nowhere mentions famous Kurukshetra through which the Saraswati is supposed to have flowed. Had the Ghaggar been the lost Saraswati and the Bharata clan of Sudasa ruled on the banks of most revered river Saraswati and in whose reign, the most sacred scriptures had been composed, one would expect his mention in Mahabharata. But it is not the case.
We are aware of the tribes frequently mentioned in the Rig Veda with which the Vedics had constant relations as friends or foes. Rig Veda mentions Turvasa, Pakhta, Bhalanasa, Parshu, Bhrigu etc are the tribes those were settled from northwest bordering regions of the Indian subcontinent to Phrygia. The geography of Avesta too suggests it was close to the Vedic geography. The wars find the place in both the scriptures, i.e. Avesta and Rig Veda. Both the religions possess so much so close affinity that without geographical closeness it is impossible to happen

Had they been in India while they composed Vedas, there would be ample mention of Ganges and Yamuna rivers because they were the rivers those flowed in close vicinity with the vast channels. The Yamuna had stopped flowing into the Ghaggar channel millenniums before the Indus civilization. As rivers, Yamuna and Ganga, with few others find mention only once in Nadistuty Hymn, the creation of the later period, and nowhere else, we can clearly see that the Vedic Aryans came across these rivers in late era. Vedic Sarasvati, that flowed through the Afghanistan was lost to them by that time except for the wonderful memories of the bygone days.

Apart from the river Sarasvati, mostly mentioned river is Rasa which is equated with Avestan Ranha, now identified with the River Tigris. After Rasa there comes Sarayu which is alternatively called Haroyu or Hari-rud. The rivers Gomati (Gomal), Kubha (Kabul), Krumu (Kurram), Suvastu (Swat), Arjikiya (Haro) etc. are the rivers those flow from Afghanistan and its western regions. Many other rivers mentioned belongs to the western tributaries to the Indus. Lack of mention of the eastern rivers just suggests that the Vedic people never knew those regions. Had the composers of the Rig Veda were inhabitants of Ghaggar basin, there wouldn’t be frequent mention of such a far away rivers. Rather we would found the mentions of Ganga, Yamuna and other eastern rivers and its tributaries. But this is not the case!

Let us not forget that the nearest distance of the river Swat from Ghaggar is not less than 800 kilometers. All other rivers mentioned are beyond that location. Indus is the common synonym to the river in Vedic vocabulary, hence it always cannot be equated with the Indus river! So, Vedic being residents of the Ghaggar basin is a just imaginary hypothesis that doesn’t stand on the grounds of any proof.

So, no matter how Vedicist scholars want to twist the geological history of the Ghaggar River to make their point, no matter how back they want to stretch time of the Rig Veda, they simply cannot prove the composers of the Vedas were residents of the Ghaggar basin. Thus Kalyanraman and his colleagues want to prove unprovable, but alas, none of his statement gets support from either geological findings or Rig Veda! They now should no this is the end of the Vedicism!

-Sanjay Sonawani











Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Myth of the 'Vedic Age'!




I wonder when I see all the time the Vedicist scholars of the modern day, even IIT'ans relate advanced mathematics and other sciences to the Vedic times. I wonder what Vedic times they speak about? Is there any historical proof that shows the particular era was the Vedic times? 

To call Vedic times it should be assumed that the Vedicism was spread almost in all parts of the country. We must then admit that the scholars of every branch were Vedics. There should be no hesitation in admitting to the facts if they are proven, at the least to some extent. 

But what facts tell us?

a. Vedas originated in ancient Iran around about 1500 BC.

b. Entry of the Vedic religion in this country was around about 1000 BC.

c. Mature Indus Civilisation's attested period is 2600 BC.

d. The Vedics sought the first refuge in the valley of Indus and then moved towards Kuru-Panchal and Videha region. Later they established in Magadha where they had to face tremendous resistance from Lokayats, Jainism and Buddhism. (6th Century BC) It took another four to six hundred years for the Vedics to come out of the setback and spread throughout the country by way of the conversions. It was a slow process. Hence till second century AD, Vedic religion remained in obscurity. 

e. Vedas and early Vedic literature in itself don't contain any science or scientific view. Their mathematical knowledge was rudimentary and limited to the construction of the fire altars.

f. We do not find the trace of any Vedic element, even the language, on the numismatic or inscriptions across the country beginning from sixth Century BS till First century AD. 

g. It is proven beyond doubt that the creation of the major three darshans, Upanishads and Agamic literature can not be linked with the Vedic tradition and some of them are anterior to Vedas.

iron artifacts

h. Long before Vedic entry in India, in 2000 BC, Indians already had invented the iron and were making implements from them including scientific devices like one that to draw the circle. (Refer to the excavations in Gangetic region)  Vedas did not know iron till they came in India. Indus civilization is known for it architectural advancements and manufacture of specialty goods and metal works. Without the scientific background, this is not possible. This does mean that the Indians were far advanced long before the Vedics entered Indian subcontinent. 

i. If at all there was any Vedic era that was during Gupta reign when the Vedic religion got royal patronage and a chance to spread their religion by polluting the history. But we still do not find any advancement in the science that can be termed as "Vedic". The tradition of the science of metallurgy, architecture, shipbuilding, textile etc. finds it advanced stage right from 2600 BC till later era which has nothing to do with the Vedic tradition. 

j. Few Vedic mathematicians indeed did emerge, like Aryabhata, Varahmihira etc. who substantially contributed to the mathematics but the ground already was prepared by the Hindus i.e. the people following traditional non-Vedic religion.  

k. None of the reputed and revered Vedic god ever reached to the high esteem in India. This clearly indicates that the Vedic age is a carefully nourished myth. 

Hence, the objection is referring to the Vedic age when it was nonexistent prior to second century AD. Later also, though the Vedics gradually became socially dominant because of the converts and royal patronages, still 85% of the Hindu populace kept on following their own religion and ritualistic practices. Vedics could not extinguish the Hindu religion though they hated it. Till this date, Hindus are adhering to their own religion though they have psychologically accepted the Vedic supremacy! The constant propaganda about the sanctity of the Vedas and fire sacrifices helped them penetrate the psyche of the general masses. However, there is no reason to believe ever there was era Vedic era and that the all scientific advancements belong to them! 

India had achieved monumental advancement millenniums before the Vedic religion was founded! They came to India as refugees, not as the conqueror. The foreign dynasties like Kushans even do not acknowledge their existence! You may refer to the Rabtak inscription of Kanishka to know this very fact. Is there any physical proof that can substantiate their claim of the Vedic Age? 

But they have a web of speakers. They have a bunch of the intellectual goons that so faithfully distort the history and proofs to misguide and misinform the Hindus so that the illusion of the Vedic supremacy remains unshaken even in the modern era.  

The tragedy is Hindus do not much take interest in the cultural and religious history for their strife for survival and fighting with the odds. They are the majority and yet intellectually influenced by the alien religion because of the constant Vedic propaganda and apathy towards the schemes those Vedics have been designing all the time to ensure their reign over them. 

There was nothing as called as Vedic science. To term any science as Vedic you need to prove that the unbroken tradition of all the branches of old science were introduced, commanded and practiced by them for the benefit of the intellectual paupers! There is not a single instance to prove that! Still, they brag on every platform about "Vedic achievements" and "Glory of the Vedic forefathers!". Yes, there were some extraordinary intellectuals among them also, but they were not originators of any. Most of the later Vedic philosophy is a reaction to the Hindu philosophy! 

The history evidences how they hijacked even the local deities like Vitthala and Tirupati. Attempts to hijack Shiva and Shakti are ancient and yet we find their antagonism towards both the major deities of the Hindu religion. Examples are many. They hijacked deities, philosophy and the cultural ethos of the Hindus making them inferior before them when they were not! This is time to stop all these practices and abandon the psychological burden that is created by the Vedics for their selfish motives.

-Sanjay Sonawani








Vedics are not Hindus!

We the Hindus are not revivalists. RSS' constant Vedicist propaganda and lies about "Vedics knew all" has defamed Hindus across the world because of the subterfuge claims and that too by misusing the name "Hindu". RSS do not propagate Hinduism. It is a Vedicist organization by core and principles. Veil of the Hindu identity is taken just to promote the Vedic ideology.   

We, the Hindus, believe that India was advanced in many branches of the science even before the Vedic entry in India, continued to enjoy fruits of the technological advances till recently, but we do not think it is a reason to boast. We have due reverence towards our forefathers who has sailed us up to here through the good and bad times. Every civilization of the past was advanced in some or other technologies. Egyptians had the technology to build massive Pyramids, which remains unparallel with others. We respect all the civilizations on the equal footings for their ingenious advancements.

RSS and the allied scholars think otherwise. Golvalkar says in his key book ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined” that Hindusthan (India) was a land of plenty with advanced science, cultivation, industries, and a culture “which made every individual a noble specimen of humanity, truth and generosity, under the divine influence of which, not one of the hundreds of millions of the people, ever told a lie or stole or indulged in any moral aberration” (p 46). 

Of course, this is a lie. To revive Vedicism telling false glories of the past is a dirty business of the RSS people. The cultural heritage RSS scholars speak about is always connected with the Vedics. This is why the stories are kept on floating about the Vedic science, Vedic mathematics, Vedic surgery and all. By misinterpreting archaeological and scriptural data, they want to prove that the Indus civilization was authored by Vedic Aryans! So when they say "Hindutva" it essentially means "Vedicism", not else. 

So in words, they call themselves "Hindu" and yet they want to credit everything to Vedic origin. This is nothing but a cultural fraud. They are trying to claim almost everything which remotely cannot be associated with the Vedic tradition. They keep on boasting the non-existent achievements of the Vedics. There never existed Vedic age in India! There is no proof to indicate that right from 1500 BC till 600 BC ever existed Vedic age! Not even a single excavated or numismatic evidence points out at such hypothetical age in India. 

It was Swami Dayananda Saraswati, who, seeking to reform Hindu religion and Hindu society first propounded the idea of a Vedic Golden Age and asked Hindus to ‘return to the Vedas’ This concept was later persuaded by Savarkar and Golwalkar gave it finishing touches. In short, to the so-called Hindu revivalists, Vedic age was the Golden age! Hindus nowhere were counted because to them they were subjugated savages by the mighty Aryans! Now, they promote indigenous Aryan theory, however, the supremacist view is not abandoned. 

“Vastu Shastra has its beginnings in Rig Veda and is scientific in its tenor. Today, the whole world is looking at green living, thanks to the way we are suffering due to erratic concretisation. The concept of Vastu revolves around the healthy relationship of nature and infrastructure, hence its modern relevance,” Joy Sen, IIT Kharagpur faculty member of the institute was quoted by Times of India.(17th April 2017) on the backdrop of the announcement of the introduction of Vastushastra classes in Architecture! 

Can't you see the pattern? The most superstitial things, those too not remotely related with the Vedas in any way, are being introduced in the curriculum. This is Vedic insanity! It is sheer ignorance marred with the Vedic supremacist thought. How can we the Hindus accept it?

This way, on fraud, they want to establish the nationalism that dreams of imposing the fourfold social order of the Vedics on the Hindus. The ulterior dream is so dangerous, not only for the other minor religions but majority Hindu population. Vedic is a different religion. It has nothing in common with Hinduism. Both traditions are distinct in every respect. The division was always in place and recognized.  Their calling themselves "Hindu" in itself is an example of their deceitful nature. 

Hindu's should understand the Vedic schemes. They are not for Hindus but Vedics. They want to revive Vedicism. With all due respect to the Vedic religion, better is Hindus stay away from the Vedicists!

-Sanjay Sonawani

Thursday, April 6, 2017

Why Vedic priests in Hindu temples?

Who are Vedics? Vedic just is another religion amongst others. It is independent of all other religions philosophically having no relation with the other religions. It has been proved on all grounds that the Hindu idolatrous tradition has been anterior to all other religious traditions of India which still remains practically dominant in the country. The Vedicism, based on four Vedas and various Smritis, having its own ritualistic structure is an independent religion. There is no common factor including philosophy that anyway can even remotely connect both the religions.

They now have become priests of many Hindu temples creating false myths and incorporating Purushasukta in the prayers. Common Hindu do not know this that the Purushsukta itself is not Hindu! Just for the sake of survival in supremacist order is their serious psychological problem and blasphemy which has proved to be a serious threat to Hindu religion! In fact, no prayer is correct that is made through the Vedic priests, no matter what religious occasion is! It is grand cheating of the religious Hindus as the prayers are not directed to their gods but Vedic gods! In no religion such kind of deceit has been played! They remain Vedic throughout! They perform all their rites by Vedic methods in their own social and personal life. How can they be appointed then the priests of the Hindu temples? How long Hindus want to remain ignorant not to understand the simple things? Can they not just pray their own god in own words and style? Wouldn't it be better if they really have faith in their own gods? How they can allow Rudrabhishek on Shiva when Rudra is an alien god to Shiva?

Then why they shy away from calling them Vedics as a separate independent religion? Why do they want to hide their self in disguise of Hinduism? Why they get angry, terrified or agonized when told that they belong to the different religion and that they are committing blasphemy by calling themselves Hindu?

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Ramayana-Mahabharata happened long before Vedic entry!

Hindu religion has been hijacked by the Vedics and using it as a tool in pushing forth Vedic policies. Ignorant Hindus know not that what they are being told is not part of their religion at all. Ram was never Kshatriya. He was never a pupil of any Vedic sage. He did now save fire sacrifices from the destruction at the hands of Asuras.  It couldn’t be because the time line does not match at all. There is no possibility whatsoever that at the time of Ramayana Vedics had stepped in the Indian subcontinent. To reach to the Gangetic regions to preach their religion they took another couple of hundred years. The Vedic elements and personalities we find today in Valmiki Ramayana is nothing but criminal interpolation!

The same applies to Mahabharata. The Mahabharata shows the social structure that prevailed in the Kuru-Panchal region which nowhere matches with the Vedic social doctrine. The human relationships are contrary to what appears in the Vedic literature and Smritis. It is agreed by the scholars that Mahabharata story took place after Ramayana. Whether it really happened or is an imaginary story, still the original social structure that forms the background of Mahabharata couldn’t have been imaginary. No Vedic element fits into the social picture. Though the later editions are heavily interpolated with the Vedic stories and praises of Vedas and all, they fall apart as we go carefully through the social structure that undeniably is non-Vedic. To make it sound somehow Vedic, explanatory stories have been concocted and inserted recklessly. For example, there are five different stories to explain marriage of Draupadi with five brothers! There are explanatory stories of the birth of Bhishma, Drona, Vyasa and even Pandavas! 

The social practice of those times itself shows a transitory phase of Indian society of remote past. Vedic ancient literature is completely devoid of any story that can remotely equal this. This indicates that Mahabharat too had taken place long before Vedic entry in Kuru-Panchal region. There couldn’t be fourfold Varna system then. Rama or Krishna couldn’t have been Kshatriyas as claimed! 

Vedics used famous local stories to promote their religion by incorporating Vedic elements, annexing old Vedic mythologies those never belonged to this soil. The history of India is thus have been heavily corrupted by the Vedics to psychologically subjugate the Hindus by stealing their heritage. 

Adim Hindu Parishad aims to expose the Vedic designs by letting Hindus know what they were and how the Vedics have culturally looted them! Vedic is an alien religion to Hindus that one must understand. Remove the infiltrated Vedic elements from any ancient literature and you will get the clear picture of your culture!

-Sanjay Sonawani


Friday, March 31, 2017

Contaminating the history?


Transfer of archaeologist from history-defining Sangam era site leads to uproar in Tamil Nadu

I came across news about the excavation of a Sangam era site, about 12 KM away from Madurai which shows the urban culture had flourished during that era. However, since the excavation began, the features of the civilization started surfacing, the transfers of the key archaeological officers and deliberate shortage of the funds the excavation could not progress as expected. The matter was raised in the parliament. Archaeological Survey of India has no convincing answer for the abrupt transfers of the 27 officers in middle of the crucial excavation.

 “….The criticism was also echoed by Kanimozhi, Rajya Sabha member of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. She said that evidence of an independent Tamil civilisation was getting systematically subverted.”, says the news report. 


Though I am no fan of DMK or Kanimojhi, what she says indicates to the indecent practices that ASI has adopted since the BJP government came into the power. We have seen that the December 2014 report of ASI that mentions the River Ghaggar as Sarasvati when it hasn’t been proven beyond doubt that the River Sarasvati ever flowed through India. The geological survey that has been conducted on the river bed of the Ghaggar has shown that it couldn’t have been Sarasvati that has been abundantly praised in the Rig Veda. Still, ASI blatantly renamed Ghaggar as Sarasvati, just to please the BJP government which has hell bent on rewriting Vedic History of India.

Recently, another controversy had popped up when the VC of Deccan College, Dr. Vasant Shinde, who is leading the excavation of the Rakhigadhi, had said that he wants to prove that the Rakhigadhi site is anterior to the oldest sites that are now situated in Pakistan and the people moved from India to Sind to build other Harappan cities. No excavation can be done with predetermined objective because the results then cannot be authentic and unbiased. However, a VC of an eminent archaeological college forgot that. How Indian academicians can become pawns of the dirty sectarian politics and shamelessly trample the basic principles of the business they are in! Whether oldest or not, the pre-determined speculation about Rakhigarhi came as a surprise in the world of archeologists. This creates a suspicion on the findings and meaning derived from them.

It has been old practice of the Indian archeologists that many turn to Vedicist (or saffron) camps when retired and rewrite the history that suits their sectarian approach. They even write contrary to what they had written in their papers while in the service. Dr. Madhukar Dhavalikar, BB Lal etc are also a fine example of this reckless practice. In all, they are determined to prove Ghaggar was ancient Sarasvati and that the earliest Indus site was in India and people moved westwards to build settlements. Also the claim includes that the westward movement of the Vedic Aryans spread Indo-European languages and culture till Europe. This is, no doubt, fantastic theory but with no supportive proofs. 

Vedic claim on Dravidian culture is not new. The Sangam literature proves that there was no entry of Vedic Aryans in the South till second century AD. Naturally, then it was impossible for Vedic scholars to stake claim on the Dravidian culture as its progenitors. Still, many have tried to credit Vedic Sanskrit as a basis of Dravidian languages. Many have tried to find Vedic elements in the burial practices of the Kings as mentioned in the Sangam literature. Up to what the Vedic stream is that they want to prove they fathered every culture that flourished in ancient India, thus denying past of the rest of the people, same way they have been constantly doing this by distorting the history in name of the history re-writing!

The 200 BC Sangam era site possibly has exposed material evidence that go contrary to the Vedic supremacist theory. They may impact significantly the known history of the Dravids. Uncomfortable with the findings, most possibly they are putting obstacles in the continuance of the excavation till they find a dishonest archeologist who can come forth with planted Vedic elements at the Keejhadi site, thus contaminating the history of the Dravids. This is not a good science. Let the proofs naturally surface and let the archaeologists derive the independent meaning out of them without any external influence or else people will start distrusting the archeological evidences as well.  


The government, no matter what ideology it belongs to, sould not interfere in the matter of science of the history and should be ready to accept whatever are the material evidences. Thus the fear of Kanimojhi is justified and the scholars of all branches should oppose in unison the attempts of the government (and ASI) to distort the history which never existed!

Kaikeyi


 Image result for kaikeyi

Kaikeyi
The untold story of a woman who invited disasters upon her and suffered incessantly to save the humanity!
1.

After the fierce battle at the mountain-head of Shri Lanka, Rawana finally collapsed as the arrow of Rama hit his chest. Knowing last moment has arrived; Rawana summoned Rama close to him and said, “Give my respects to mother Kaikeyi because now I am finally liberated. Thank her on my behalf!” and breathed his last.

Rama was perturbed over why should Rawana thank Kaikeyi when he never has met her in life?

Leaving behind the question for a while Rama returned to Ayodhya with Sita and his aides. Ayodhya was decorated to welcome him. The people were rejoicing his return after a long exile and great feats. He had saved mankind by killing an evil Rawana!

As Rama stepped down from the divine plane “Pushpaka”, his eyes searched for Kaikeyi. He didn’t find her anywhere in the royal family gathering which was shouting slogans in his respect.

Without glancing even at his mother Kausalya, he entered the royal palace and desperately searched for Kakeyi. Finally, he found her on the rooftop, alone and face saddened, though the eyes were gleaming with joy.

Kaikeyi heard the footsteps of Rama and trying to control her feelings glanced at Rama. Rama touched her feet and told her the last message of Rawana. He asked, “Why O mother should he thank you? He was my enemy and I killed him in the battlefield rescuing my wife. It is strange that he thanked you when I am not sure you ever had seen him in person!”

Kaikeyi let out a sigh and refused to talk on that issue. But Rama insisted. Kaikeyi said, “You are doing the same mistake my mother once did. But well, I am overburdened by the secret I have been keeping to myself for a long time. I am called merciless, cruel greedy woman and has been abused by one and all ever since you left for exile! Let me release my burden and end the curse of the life!” And she began to tell her story.

2.

Kaikeyi was the daughter of mighty Ashvapati, king of Kekya state, situated beyond Gandhar. Ashvapati was a philosopher king. He owned the largest cavalry in the world. No enemy could ever dare him. He enjoyed his life in the company of his beautiful wife Devavati and daughter young Kaikeyi.

Ashvapati had a boon that he could understand bird’s language.The caveat was he should not reveal ever whatever he heard to anyone, else he will instantly die.

Once, in a beautiful evening, he was taking a stroll in the garden around the palace with Devavati. He overheard two swans conversing something in amusement that gave Ashvapati a hearty laugh. Curious Devavati pestered him to share with her what he heard. Ashvapati avoided but when he saw his wife is forcing him to divulge what could take his life for certain, he got angry. He thought his wife doesn’t care for his life. In the fit of anger, he banished her and daughter Kaikeyi from Kekaya state.

Devavati’s future suddenly had doomed. Her father too didn’t shelter her. As if all doors to destiny and solace suddenly had closed over her. She had to resort to find a shelter in a jungle, in Gandhar kingdom, near a village and do hard work to feed herself and young Kaikeyi.

Kaikeyi was a brave girl. She fought with the ruthless and cruel predators those would try to harm her mother. Soon she grew up and acquired fame as a great archer and charioteer. She even defeated the king of Gandhar in a chariot race and archery competition. The king fell in love with her but she refused to wed. She had seen her mother’s tragedy and had no intention to get engaged with any man. 

Devavati was now getting older and only desire had haunted her to express her repentance and seek forgiveness from Ashvapati before she dies. Though Kaikeyi had no any affection left for her father, she decided to fulfill mother’s wish. One fine day both left for Kekaya kingdom.

This was the time when King Dasharatha of Ayodhya had attacked Kekaya. The mighty Kekaya army was finding hard to stand before Dasharatha’s valor. In an attack, Kekay army got disintegrated and chose to flee helter-skelter. 

The scene was intolerable to Kaikeyi. She rushed to the battlefield, gathering fleeing army and to surprise of Dasharatha, she led retaliation in full vigor. Dasharatha was wonderstruck. He somehow managed to reinforce his army but Kaikeyi’s strategies worked so well in the battlefield that he had to come on an agreement for peace.

Ashvapati realized it was her exiled daughter who saved the country from defeat, though still he had resentment for Devavati. Kaikeyi was welcomed in the city with the grand celebration. She was offered the crown by her father but she humbly denied and requested her father to listen to her mother and forgive her.

Ashvapati did so. That moment Devavati was so overwhelmed she breathed her last in the laps of Ashvapati. It saddened him.

Here, Dasharatha had become crazy for Kaikeyi. He was mesmerized by her valor and archery skills. Her beauty had enchanted him. In the court of Ashvapati, he requested the hand of Kaikeyi. Ashvapati was delighted for who else could be the better match for her daughter in the whole world than Dasharatha? He gave his permission.

After Dasharatha and Kaikeyi’s wedding, in an evening, he met his daughter. He had lost all his interest in the life after Devavati’s death and all futile life. He shared his boon with his daughter knowing that the act was an invitation to instant death.  

King Ashvapati was no more. After few days, grief-stricken kaikeyi left for Ayodhya with Dasharatha, accompanied by a maid, a hunchback, Manthara. She knew not what destiny waited on her. She was fallen in the realm of uncertainty and gloom as they traveled. Dashratha tried every best to keep her pleased, but invain.

3.

In Ayodhya, she established friendly relations with Dashratha’s other wives Kaushalya and Sumitra. The stories of her valor had already reached Ayodhya hence the people too highly respected her and sung her praises.

Soon, Dashratha had to join God Indra to wage a war against a cruel King Shambarasura. Dasharatha chose Kaikeyi as his charioteer. Kaikeyi accompanied him in the war. She too fought bravely against the demons. In a crucial moment, Dashratha’s chariot wheel got disengaged. Kaikeyi was thrown in the air as chariot lost balance. Dashratha seemed losing the battle. Kaikeyi instantly gathered herself and rushed to the chariot and desperately managed chariot wheel in place using her hand while fighting with the charging in enemy with other hand. Dasharatha could return the attack as he regained his balance and composure. kaikeyi got wounded in this effort but finally, Dasharatha won.

The same evening, victorious Dasharatha offered her two boons. Kaikeyi was about to refuse but she heard a bird saying, “save the boons for later times. Do not refuse them. You are going to need them in future!”

Kaikeyi followed the instructions and thanked Dashratha for the boons and said, “ I will ask what I want if the time comes. Let them be treasured with you…but do not forget to give if I ask for them!”


4.

Soon after birth of Rama to Kausalya, Kaikeyi too gave birth to Bharata, and Sumitra to Laksman and Shatrughna.  Though Bharat was her son, she adored and loved Rama very much. Most of the time of Rama would be spent in the Kaikeyi’s palace.

Years passed. King Janaka of Videha declared Svayamvara of Sita. Who could be the better choice for Rama than unparalleled beauty Sita? Swayamvara involved a competition that whoever could wield a heavy bow and string it could marry Sita. The bow was presented to Janaka by Lord Shiva after a penance.

Rama was the only young man who could wield the bow but as he tried to string it the bow broke in two parts making thunderous sound that shook the earth and heaven.

The sound reached Lord Shiva who got enraged as he saw his bow was broken.  He cursed instantly, “The young man will die soon and disastrous calamities will befall his state.” His consort Parvati got worried over this instantaneous curse and tried to sooth Lord Shiva, begged mercy. Shiva was pacified soon and said, he cannot take back his curse but if he stays away from his state and kills cruel Rawana, he will be safe.  Rawana, my devotee, has become a curse to the earth! He must be killed, but I know this is an impossible feat. Young boy is destined to die!” Parvati wanted desperately to make this known to Rama, but Lord Shiva prohibited her to interfere. 

But, as it was destined, a swan returning from Man Sarovara overheard this conversation. Meanwhile, the marriage of ram-Sita had taken place. The young couple was too happy to get each other. They didn’t know what transpired in the abode of Lord Shiva!

The swan flew to Ayodhya. The divine swan knew the powers Kaikeyi possessed. Kaikeyi was too worried and terrified after listening to the Lord Shiva’s curse. Manthara came to her rescue. She reminded her of the boons that Dasharatha had offered her and asked to use them now as this was the only opportune time.

Kaikeyi knew she openly couldn’t give any reasoning for demanding the boons. She loved Rama so much, couldn’t even imagine any slightest harm done to him. Same time she had heard so many horrific stories of Rawana’s cruelty and injustice. He was certainly up to destroying the earth and mankind. She was in dilemma. But her resolve grew stronger as night passed by. In early morning she sent for Dashratha and reminded him of the boons he had offered her.

She demanded Rama’s exile for fourteen years and throne to her son Bharata. It justified as Kaikeyi posed as a selfish and cruel woman. Dasharatha couldn’t imagine any other secret reason behind these sudden demands. Dasharatha cursed her, abused her but she stood strong with her demands. Dasharatha had to concede with her. Knowing this Bharata too got very much angry with her. Rather, she all of sudden became an evil woman for all.

Rama and Sita left for exile, accompanied by Laxmana. At that moment the whole city was in anguish and angered towards Kaikeyi’s turpitude. Kaikeyi sat alone in the dark corners of her palace knowing now onwards she has to live life in the company of the hatred.

She knew very well that Bharata would never accept the throne. He couldn’t betray Rama. And Bharata too really rejected the throne, only moment of relief to her!

Another stroke of the destiny on her was, Dashratha died soon after Rama’s departure. The tragedy was, she was denied to see him in his last moments.  

Afterwards, she lived life like an ascetic, secluded and in the company of her own grief. She mutely took all abuses and resentments without uttering a word. She kept receiving the news on Rama’s movements, was very unhappy when she learned of Sita’s abduction, was worried and desperately praying when Rama was fighting with Wali and then Rawana!

Now Rama was back. Standing in front of her, both the hands folded and weeping incessantly for what his mother silently had suffered, for the cause of the universe and his life!

He touched her feet. The light grew…the whole earth started shining with the divine light. All surrounding seemed to be melting in that shine. The sky and earth seemed merging with each other.

She said as she was almost disappearing, “Rawana, a great devotee of Shiva, knew almost everything of this. He knew only if he gets killed by you, he will attain heaven after death…” Now she was almost disappeared but the sound of Kaikeyi was reverberating across the earth and heaven, “Rama, my boon was associated with a curse. As soon I reveal the truth, just like my father, I too was to die! But I am happy that my suffering has yielded a great divinity like you! The whole universe will sing ballads full of your praises. Let now universe call me a selfish and cruel mother…forever. I don’t care! Goodbye son!”