Kalyanraman is the dumbest writer I ever came across. He believes that the Sarasvati River was one among Sapta Sindhu, i.e. seven rivers those flowed through northwestern India. He states that this region belonged to the Panchajana, five people, and that about 80% of the Indus civilisation sites are located on the banks of the Sarasvati river (which has been known to the Indians as Ghaggar since time unknown.) He has shifted complete geography of the River Sarasvati, highly revered by the Vedic Aryans, to stake a huge claim on the authorship of the Indus-Ghaggar civilisation. To do this he recklessly neglects geological proofs, geography appearing in the Rig Veda and makes out a theory that is flimsy and misguiding.
Geologically it has been proven beyond doubt that the Ghaggar River never ever had the glacial source. It also has been proven with new geochemical and geomorphological studies that Yamuna and Sutlej stopped flowing into the Ghaggar /Saraswati thousands of years before the Harappan civilisation. Ghaggar is fed from Shivaliks and not Himalayan glaciers. No Drushadvati river belongs to the Indian soil that is said to be a tributary to Vedic Sarasvati.
It is a fact that the River Ghaggar was a perennial river before 1800 BC because of the wetter monsoon. It also is a fact that there are over a thousand Indus-Ghaggar sites along the channel of old Ghaggar. But as the climate changed, gradually the Ghaggar shrunk and just became a seasonal river. Not only India but from Mesopotamia to China, a vast track suffered from this climatic change. However, though seasonal, Ghaggar was never a lost river. How come that the most revered river of the Vedics changed name from Sarasvati to Ghaggar? Vedic has no answer to this vital question.
“Since this work, no new data challenging these results has appeared. Scientists, as evidenced by this paper, appear to now accept that the Ghaggar was a monsoonal river right through the Holocene. This result has annoyed not only geologists who had proposed the glacial river theory but also supporters of the indigenous Aryan theory. They had used the glacial river theory to time the presence of the Vedic people in the plains of Haryana and Punjab before 2000 B.C.” States Sedimentary Geologist Suvrat Kher.
Linking the Ghaggar with the Rig Vedic Sarasvati is an insanity because the geography and the people they inhabited with does not match at all with the indigenous Aryan theory. There has surfaced no evidence that can link Ghaggar civilisation with the Vedic. There is no semblance in the residential patterns of the Vedics and Indus people. They didn’t know even the bricks and granaries. They didn’t know the great baths and brick-paved streets.
The Rig Veda nowhere mentions famous Kurukshetra through which the Saraswati is supposed to have flowed. Had the Ghaggar been the lost Saraswati and the Bharata clan of Sudasa ruled on the banks of most revered river Saraswati and in whose reign, the most sacred scriptures had been composed, one would expect his mention in Mahabharata. But it is not the case.
We are aware of the tribes frequently mentioned in the Rig Veda with which the Vedics had constant relations as friends or foes. Rig Veda mentions Turvasa, Pakhta, Bhalanasa, Parshu, Bhrigu etc are the tribes those were settled from northwest bordering regions of the Indian subcontinent to Phrygia. The geography of Avesta suggests it was close to the Vedic geography. The wars fought on Iranian plateau among them and Vedics find a place in both the scriptures, i.e. Avesta and Rig Veda. Both the religions possess so much so close affinity that without geographical closeness it is impossible to happen
Had they been in India while they composed Vedas, there would be ample mention of Ganges and Yamuna rivers because they were the rivers those flowed in close vicinity with the vast channels. The Yamuna had stopped flowing into the Ghaggar channel millenniums before the Indus cicivilisationAs rivers, Yamuna and Ganga, with few others find mention only once in Nadistuty Hymn, the creation of the later period, and nowhere else, we can clearly see that the Vedic Aryans came across these rivers in late era. Vedic Sarasvati, that flowed through the Afghanistan was lost to them by that time except for the wonderful memories of the bygone days.
Apart from the river Sarasvati, mostly mentioned river is Rasa which is equated with Avestan Ranha, now identified with the River Tigris. After Rasa there comes Sarayu which is alternatively called Haroyu or Hari-rud. The rivers Gomati (Gomal), Kubha (Kabul), Krumu (Kurram), Suvastu (Swat), Arjikiya (Haro) etc. are the rivers those flow from Afghanistan and its western regions. Many other rivers mentioned belongs to the western tributaries to the Indus. Lack of mention of the eastern rivers just suggests that the Vedic people never knew those regions. Had the composers of the Rig Veda were inhabitants of Ghaggar basin, there wouldn’t be frequent mention of such a far away rivers. Rather we would found the mentions of Ganga, Yamuna and other eastern rivers and its tributaries. But this is not the case!
Let us not forget that the nearest distance of the river Swat from Ghaggar is not less than 800 kilometres. All other rivers mentioned are beyond that location. Indus is the common synonym to the river in Vedic vocabulary, hence it always cannot be equated with the Indus river! So, Vedic being residents of the Ghaggar basin is a just imaginary hypothesis that doesn’t stand on the grounds of any proof.
So, no matter how Vedicist scholars want to twist the geological history of the Ghaggar River to make their point, no matter how back they want to stretch time of the Rig Veda, they simply cannot prove the composers of the Vedas were residents of the Ghaggar basin. Thus Kalyanraman and his colleagues want to prove unprovable, but alas, none of his statement gets support from either geological findings or Rig Veda! They now should no this is the end of the Vedicism!